Arginine vasopressin as a thyrotropin-releasing hormone

Science  27 Feb 1987:
Vol. 235, Issue 4792, pp. 1070-1073
DOI: 10.1126/science.2881350


Although hypothyroidism (with concomitant increased levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone) has been associated with elevated plasma vasopressin, the role that vasopressin plays in controlling thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion from the adenohypophysis is not understood. In two in vitro pituitary cell systems, vasopressin caused a specific and dose-related release of thyroid-stimulating hormone from cells that was equal in potency to that elicited by thyrotropin-releasing hormone, the primary acknowledged regulator of thyroid-stimulating hormone release. When injected into the hypothalamus, however, vasopressin specifically inhibited the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone. Thus, vasopressin may exert differential regulatory effects on thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.