Disordered Materials: A Survey of Amorphous Solids

Science  27 Feb 1987:
Vol. 235, Issue 4792, pp. 997-1002
DOI: 10.1126/science.235.4792.997


A brief historical perspective and a review of the current research on amorphous or glassy materials are presented. Glass formation by natural processes and by laboratory synthesis techniques is described. Recent efforts to characterize and model the atomic scale structure of amorphous phases are surveyed. The relation between amorphous and liquid states is emphasized in a discussion of thermodynamics and kinetics. The topic of crystal-to-glass transformation in the solid state and the related issue of crystal stability and melting are discussed.