Chemical identification of a tumor-derived angiogenic factor

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Science  15 May 1987:
Vol. 236, Issue 4803, pp. 843-845
DOI: 10.1126/science.2437656


Neoplasms produce substances that induce blood vessel formation (angiogenesis). Fractions from ethanol extracts of the Walker 256 carcinoma were isolated by silica column chromatography and C18 reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Two of the isolated fractions induced neovascularization when tested in the rabbit corneal micropocket assay. One of the fractions was identified as nicotinamide by desorption-electron impact mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The second active fraction contained nicotinamide as part of a more complex, as yet unidentified, molecular arrangement. Microgram quantities of commercial nicotinamide induced neovascularization in the corneal micropocket assay and in the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay.