Acid Rain: China, United States, and a Remote Area

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Science  19 Jun 1987:
Vol. 236, Issue 4808, pp. 1559-1562
DOI: 10.1126/science.236.4808.1559


The composition of precipitation in China is highly influenced by fossil fuel combustion and agricultural and cultural practices. Compared to the eastern United States, precipitation in China generally has higher concentrations of sulfate, ammonium, and calcium. Wet deposition rates of sulfur in China are 7 to 130 times higher than those in a remote area in the Southern Hemisphere. In many areas of the world, significant ecological changes have occurred in ecosystems that have acid deposition rates substantially less than those currently existing in China.