Reports

A stereospecific cyclization catalyzed by an antibody

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Science  28 Aug 1987:
Vol. 237, Issue 4818, pp. 1041-1043
DOI: 10.1126/science.3616626

Abstract

A monoclonal antibody elicited by a transition-state analog that is representative of an intramolecular six-membered ring cyclization reaction acted as a stereospecific, enzyme-like catalyst for the appropriate substrate. Formation of a single enantiomer of a delta-lactone from the corresponding racemic delta-hydroxyester was accelerated by the antibody by about a factor of 170, which permitted isolation of the lactone in an enantiomeric excess of about 94 percent. This finding demonstrates the feasibility of catalytic-antibody generation for chemical transformations that require stereochemical control.