Abstract

A DNA sequencing system based on the use of a novel set of four chain-terminating dideoxynucleotides, each carrying a different chemically tuned succinylfluorescein dye distinguished by its fluorescent emission is described. Avian myeloblastosis virus reverse transcriptase is used in a modified dideoxy DNA sequencing protocol to produce a complete set of fluorescence-tagged fragments in one reaction mixture. These DNA fragments are resolved by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in one sequencing lane and are identified by a fluorescence detection system specifically matched to the emission characteristics of this dye set. A scanning system allows multiple samples to be run simultaneously and computer-based automatic base sequence identifications to be made. The sequence analysis of M13 phage DNA made with this system is described.