Stop-Transfer Regions Do Not Halt Translocation of Proteins into Chloroplasts

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Science  20 Nov 1987:
Vol. 238, Issue 4830, pp. 1112-1114
DOI: 10.1126/science.238.4830.1112


Protein targeting in eukaryotic cells is determined by several topogenic signals. Among these are stop-transfer regions, which halt translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Two different stop-transfer regions were incorporated into precursors for a chloroplast protein, the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Both chimeric proteins were imported into chloroplasts and did not accumulate in the envelope membranes. Thus, the stop-transfer signals did not function during chloroplast protein import. These observations support the hypothesis that the mechanism for translocation of proteins across the chloroplast envelope is significantly different from that for translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.