Cooling, Stopping, and Trapping Atoms

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Science  19 Feb 1988:
Vol. 239, Issue 4842, pp. 877-883
DOI: 10.1126/science.239.4842.877


Significant advances have been made in the ability to control the motion of neutral atoms. Cooling and trapping atoms present new possibilities for studies of ultracold atoms and atomic interactions. The techniques of laser cooling and deceleration of atomic beams, magnetic and laser trapping of neutral atoms, and a number of recent advances in the use of radiative forces to manipulate atoms are reviewed.