Spectrum Line Intensity as a Surrogate for Solar Irradiance Variations

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Science  24 Jun 1988:
Vol. 240, Issue 4860, pp. 1765
DOI: 10.1126/science.240.4860.1765


Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor (ACRIM) solar constant measurements from 1980 to 1986 are compared with ground-based, irradiance spectrophotometry of selected Fraunhofer lines. Both data sets were identically sampled and smoothed with an 85-day running mean, and the ACRIM total solar irradiance (S) values were corrected for sunspot blocking (Sc). The strength of the mid-photospheric manganese 539.4-nanometer line tracks almost perfectly with ACRIM Se, Other spectral features formed high in the photosphere and chromosphere also track well. These comparisons independently confirm the variability in the ACRIM Se, signal, indicate that the source of irradiance is faculae, and indicate that ACRIM Se, follows the 11-year activity cycle.