Processing Techniques for the 93 K Superconductor Ba2YCu3O7

Science  19 Aug 1988:
Vol. 241, Issue 4868, pp. 922-930
DOI: 10.1126/science.241.4868.922


Superconductivity above the temperature of liquid nitrogen in copper oxide-based systems has led to optimism that superconductors may at last find wide application. The critical temperature, however, is just one of the required parameters. The materials must be made into usable forms such as wire, thick films, thin films, and bulk ceramics. In addition, the critical current in these various forms is a crucial test of their utility. This article reviews the processing techniques used to fabricate potentially useful forms and assesses remaining problems. Considerable improvement in critical current density is necessary in bulk materials, and thin films need to be made compatible with other thin-film technology.