Double-stranded ribonuclease coinduced with interferon

Science  02 Jun 1989:
Vol. 244, Issue 4908, pp. 1089-1091
DOI: 10.1126/science.2471268


Double-stranded (ds) RNA and many viruses are inducers of interferon (IFN), the latter presumably because they contain, or can form, dsRNA. Concomitant with the induction of IFN in chicken embryo cells was the induction of a novel double-stranded ribonuclease (dsRNase), which was released into the medium and continued to accumulate long after IFN production ceased. Only avian cells (chicken, quail, turkey, or duck) expressed high levels of this dsRNase; mammalian, turtle, or fish cells did not. Production of the nuclease was inducer dose-dependent. Optimum pH and cation requirements distinguished it from other dsRNase activities. Degradation of dsRNA was endonucleolytic. Activity resided in a molecule of an Mr of approximately 34,500. Low levels of a single-stranded (ss) RNase activity were inseparable from the dsRNase. The role for a dsRNA-inducible dsRNase released from cells is unknown.