Transcriptional regulation in mammalian cells by sequence-specific DNA binding proteins

Science  28 Jul 1989:
Vol. 245, Issue 4916, pp. 371-378
DOI: 10.1126/science.2667136


The cloning of genes encoding mammalian DNA binding transcription factors for RNA polymerase II has provided the opportunity to analyze the structure and function of these proteins. This review summarizes recent studies that define structural domains for DNA binding and transcriptional activation functions in sequence-specific transcription factors. The mechanisms by which these factors may activate transcriptional initiation and by which they may be regulated to achieve differential gene expression are also discussed.

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