Activation of bacterial porin gene expression by a chimeric signal transducer in response to aspartate

Science  15 Sep 1989:
Vol. 245, Issue 4923, pp. 1246-1249
DOI: 10.1126/science.2476847


The Tar chemoreceptor of Escherichia coli is a membrane-bound sensory protein that facilitates bacterial chemotaxis in response to aspartate. The EnvZ molecule has a membrane topology similar to Tar and is a putative osmosensor that is required for osmoregulation of the genes for the major outer membrane porin proteins, OmpF and OmpC. The cytoplasmic signaling domain of Tar was replaced with the carboxyl portion of EnvZ, and the resulting chimeric receptor activated transcription of the ompC gene in response to aspartate. The activation of ompC by the chimeric receptor was absolutely dependent on OmpR, a transcriptional activator for ompF and ompC.

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