Origins of Agriculture in Eastern North America

Science  22 Dec 1989:
Vol. 246, Issue 4937, pp. 1566-1571
DOI: 10.1126/science.246.4937.1566


As a result of research carried out over the past decade, eastern North America now provides one of the most detailed records of the origins of agriculture available. Spanning a filll three millennia, the transition from forager to farmer in eastern North America involved the domestication of four North American seed plants during the second millennium B.C., the initial emergence of food production economies based on local crop plants between 250 B.C. and A.D. 200, and the rapid and broad-scale shift to maize-centered agriculture during the three centuries from A.D. 800 to 1100.