Reports

Twinning in MgSiO3 Perovskite

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Science  27 Apr 1990:
Vol. 248, Issue 4954, pp. 468-471
DOI: 10.1126/science.248.4954.468

Abstract

Crystals of MgSiO3 perovskite synthesized at high pressures and temperatures have orthorhombic symmetry under ambient conditions. Examination by transmission electron microscopy shows that the microstructure of crystals synthesized at 26 gigapascals and 1600°C is dominated by a large number of twin domains that are related by reflection operations with respect to {112} and {110} planes. These twins may be associated with the transformations of MgSiO3 perovskite from the cubic to tetragonal and tetragonal to orthorhombic phases, respectively, upon decreasing pressure and temperature. These observations suggest that under the experimental synthesis conditions, and perhaps in the earth's lower mantle, the stable phase of MgSiO3 might have the cubic perovskite structure.