Inhibition of factor VIIa-tissue factor coagulation activity by a hybrid protein

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Science  15 Jun 1990:
Vol. 248, Issue 4961, pp. 1421-1424
DOI: 10.1126/science.1972598


Lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor (LACI) appears to inhibit tissue factor (TF)-induced blood coagulation by forming a quaternary inhibitory complex containing factor Xa, LACI, factor VIIa, and TF. A genetically engineered hybrid protein consisting of the light chain of factor Xa and the first Kunitz-type inhibitor domain of LACI is shown to directly inhibit the activity of the factor VIIa-TF catalytic complex. Unlike inhibition of factor VIIa-TF activity by native LACI, inhibition by the hybrid protein is not dependent on factor Xa. In an assay of TF-induced coagulation, 50% TF inhibition occurs with hybrid protein at 35 nanograms per milliliter, whereas LACI at 2.5 micrograms per milliliter is required for an equivalent effect. gamma-Carboxylation of glutamic acid residues in the factor Xa light chain portion of the hybrid protein is required for inhibitory activity, indicating that the first Kunitz-type domain of LACI alone is not sufficient for inhibition of factor VIIa-TF.