Antibody-catalyzed porphyrin metallation

Science  17 Aug 1990:
Vol. 249, Issue 4970, pp. 781-783
DOI: 10.1126/science.2389144


An antibody elicited to a distorted N-methyl porphyrin catalyzed metal ion chelation by the planar porphyrin. At fixed Zn2+ and Cu2+ concentrations, the antibody-catalyzed reaction showed saturation kinetics with respect to the substrate mesoporphyrin IX (2) and was inhibited by the hapten, N-methylmesoporphyrin IX (1). The turnover number of 80 hour-1 for antibody-catalyzed metallation of 2 with Zn2+ compares with an estimated value of 800 hour-1 for ferrochelatase. The antibody also catalyzed the insertion of Co2+ and Mn2+ into 2, but it did not catalyze the metallation of protoporphyrin IX (3) or deuteroporphyrin IX (4). The antibody has high affinity for several metalloporphyrins, suggesting an approach to developing antibody-heme catalysts for redox or electron transfer reactions.