Chemical Imaging of Surfaces with the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope

Science  04 Oct 1991:
Vol. 254, Issue 5028, pp. 68-74
DOI: 10.1126/science.254.5028.68


Scanning electrochemical microscopy is a scanning probe technique that is based on faradaic current changes as a small electrode is moved across the surface of a sample. The images obtained depend on the sample topography and surface reactivity. The response of the scanning electrochemical microscope is sensitive to the presence of conducting and electroactive species, which makes it useful for imaging heterogeneous surfaces. The principles and instrumentation used to obtain images and surface reaction-kinetic information are discussed, and examples of applications to the study of electrodes, minerals, and biological samples are given.