Geothermal Evidence from Canada for a Cold Period Before Recent Climatic Warming

Science  15 May 1992:
Vol. 256, Issue 5059, pp. 1003-1005
DOI: 10.1126/science.256.5059.1003


Three deep boreholes in a small area in Quebec, each having two high-accuracy temperature logs separated by 22 years, allow reliable determination of the ground surface temperature history during the past few centuries. The temperature logs show that the recent climatic warming was preceded by a cold period near the end of the 19th century in this area. The presence of such a cold period is also suggested by borehole temperature data from other areas in Canada.