Reports

Rapamycin-induced inhibition of the 70-kilodalton S6 protein kinase

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Science  14 Aug 1992:
Vol. 257, Issue 5072, pp. 973-977
DOI: 10.1126/science.1380182

Abstract

The immunosuppressant rapamycin inhibited proliferation of the H4IIEC hepatoma cell line. Rapamycin, but not its structural analog FK506, also inhibited the basal and insulin-stimulated activity of the p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase. By contrast, insulin stimulation of the p85 Rsk S6 kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activity were unaffected by drug. Rapamycin treatment of COS cells transfected with recombinant p70 S6 kinase completely inhibited the appearance of the hyperphosphorylated form of p70 S6 kinase concomitant with the inhibition of enzyme activity toward 40S subunits. Thus, rapamycin inhibits a signal transduction element that is necessary for the activation of p70 S6 kinase and mitogenesis but unnecessary for activation of p85 Rsk S6 kinase or MAP kinase.