Reports

Discovery of a peptide-based renin inhibitor with oral bioavailability and efficacy

Science  25 Sep 1992:
Vol. 257, Issue 5078, pp. 1940-1943
DOI: 10.1126/science.1411510

Abstract

Peptidic renin inhibitors have been poorly absorbed across the intestine or rapidly eliminated by the liver and have been reported to have oral bioavailabilities of less than 2%. A peptide-based renin inhibitor, A-72517 (molecular mass of 706 daltons), was devised that has oral bioavailabilities of 8, 24, 32, and 53% in the monkey, rat, ferret, and dog, respectively. Dose-related reductions in blood pressure, plasma renin activity, and plasma angiotensin II in parallel with increased plasma drug concentrations were observed after oral administration of A-72517 to conscious, salt-depleted dogs. Thus, peptide-based molecules of sizable molecular mass can be absorbed intact into the systemic circulation of animals. These findings support the potential of peptide-based drugs for oral administration.

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