Paleoearthquakes in the Puget Sound Region Recorded in Sediments from Lake Washington, U.S.A

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Science  04 Dec 1992:
Vol. 258, Issue 5088, pp. 1617-1620
DOI: 10.1126/science.258.5088.1617


Holocene sediments in Lake Washington contain a series of turbidites that were episodically deposited throughout the lake. The magnetic signatures of these terrigenous layers are temporally and areally correlatable. Large earthquakes appear to have triggered slumping on the steep basin walls and landslides in the drainage area, resulting in turbidite deposition. One prominent turbidite appears to have been deposited about 1100 years ago as the result of a large earthquake. Downcore susceptibility patterns suggest that near-simultaneous slumping occurred in at least three separate locations, two of which now contain submerged forests. Several other large earthquakes may have occurred in the last 3000 years.