Reports

Adipose expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha: direct role in obesity-linked insulin resistance

Science  01 Jan 1993:
Vol. 259, Issue 5091, pp. 87-91
DOI: 10.1126/science.7678183

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been shown to have certain catabolic effects on fat cells and whole animals. An induction of TNF-alpha messenger RNA expression was observed in adipose tissue from four different rodent models of obesity and diabetes. TNF-alpha protein was also elevated locally and systemically. Neutralization of TNF-alpha in obese fa/fa rats caused a significant increase in the peripheral uptake of glucose in response to insulin. These results indicate a role for TNF-alpha in obesity and particularly in the insulin resistance and diabetes that often accompany obesity.

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