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Identification of the SH3 domain of GAP as an essential sequence for Ras-GAP-mediated signaling

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Science  22 Jan 1993:
Vol. 259, Issue 5094, pp. 525-528
DOI: 10.1126/science.7678707

Abstract

Guanosine triphosphatase activating protein (GAP) is an essential component of Ras signaling pathways. GAP functions in different cell types as a deactivator and a transmitter of cellular Ras signals. A domain (amino acids 275 to 351) encompassing the Src homology region 3 (SH3) of GAP was found to be essential for GAP signaling. A monoclonal antibody was used to block germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) induced by the oncogenic protein Ha-ras Lys12 in Xenopus oocytes. The monoclonal antibody, which was found to recognize the peptide containing amino acids 275 to 351 within the amino-terminal domain of GAP, did not modify the stimulation of the Ha-Ras-GTPase by GAP. Injection of peptides corresponding to amino acids 275 to 351 and 317 to 326 blocked GVBD induced by insulin or by Ha-Ras Lys12 but not that induced by progesterone. These findings confirm that GAP is an effector for Ras in Xenopus oocytes and that the SH3 domain is essential for signal transduction.

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