Acceleration of intracellular calcium waves in Xenopus oocytes by calcium influx

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Science  09 Apr 1993:
Vol. 260, Issue 5105, pp. 229-232
DOI: 10.1126/science.8385801


Many cell membrane receptors stimulate the phosphoinositide (PI) cycle, which produces complex intracellular calcium signals that regulate diverse processes such as secretion and transcription. A major messenger of this cycle, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3), stimulates its receptor channel on the endoplasmic reticulum to release calcium into the cytosol. Activation of the PI cycle also induces calcium influx, which refills the intracellular calcium stores. Confocal microscopy was used to show that receptor-activated calcium influx, enhanced by hyperpolarization, modulates the frequency and velocity of IP3-dependent calcium waves in Xenopus laevis oocytes. These results demonstrate that transmembrane voltage and calcium influx pathways may regulate spatial and temporal patterns of IP3-dependent calcium release.