Soil Quality and Financial Performance of Biodynamic and Conventional Farms in New Zealand

Science  16 Apr 1993:
Vol. 260, Issue 5106, pp. 344-349
DOI: 10.1126/science.260.5106.344


Biodynamic farming practices and systems show promise in mitigating some of the detrimental effects of chemical-dependent, conventional agriculture on the environment. The physical, biological, and chemical soil properties and economic profitability of adjacent, commercial biodynamic and conventional farms (16 total) in New Zealand were compared. The biodynamic farms in the study had better soil quality than the neighboring conventional farms and were just as financially viable on a per hectare basis.