Large Odd-Numbered Carbon Clusters from Fullerene-Ozone Reactions

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Science  11 Jun 1993:
Vol. 260, Issue 5114, pp. 1632-1634
DOI: 10.1126/science.260.5114.1632


The odd-numbered carbon clusters C119, C129, and C139 have been observed in the mass spectra of toluene extracts of fullerene soots and of the products of ozone-fullerene reactions. Specifically, ozone-C60 reactions yield C119, ozone-C70 reactions yield C139, and ozone-(C60/C70) reactions produce C119, C129, and C139. These unexpected species correspond to dimers of C60, C60/C70, and C70, respectively, less one carbon atom, and are stable gas-phase ions with behavior similar to that of fullerenes. The results suggest a new route to functionalization and derivatization of fullerenes through controlled ozone-catalyzed cage-opening reactions.