Influence of Solid Friction on Polymer Relaxation in Gel Electrophoresis

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Science  18 Jun 1993:
Vol. 260, Issue 5115, pp. 1782-1784
DOI: 10.1126/science.260.5115.1782


Solid friction between a charged polymer and fixed gel points can dramatically affect polymer mobility in gel electrophoresis. The effect is present when a polymer chain is entangled over many gel points along a portion of its length, leading to significantly different behavior than predicted by conventional theory: the mobility of the chain decreases and exhibits a stronger length dependence, which separates long linear charged polymers of different molecular weights.