DNA conformation-induced activation of an enediyne for site-specific cleavage

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Science  03 Sep 1993:
Vol. 261, Issue 5126, pp. 1319-1321
DOI: 10.1126/science.8362243


Neocarzinostatin chromophore (NCS chrom) was found to induce site-specific cleavage at the 3' side of a bulge in single-stranded DNA in the absence of thiol. This reaction involved the oxidative formation of a DNA fragment with a nucleoside 5'-aldehyde at its 5' terminus and generated an ultraviolet light-absorbing and fluorescent species of post-activated drug containing tritium abstracted from the carbon at the 5' position of the target nucleotide. The DNAs containing point mutations that disrupt the bulge were not cleavage substrates and did not generate this drug product. Thus, DNA is an active participant in its own destruction, and NCS chrom may be useful as a probe for bulged structures in nucleic acids.