Reports

Expression of two T cell receptor alpha chains: dual receptor T cells

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Science  15 Oct 1993:
Vol. 262, Issue 5132, pp. 422-424
DOI: 10.1126/science.8211163

Abstract

Although many T cells carry two in-frame V alpha rearrangements, the products of both V alpha rearrangements have never been shown simultaneously on the surface of normal cells. With the use of monoclonal antibodies to V alpha 2, V alpha 12, and V alpha 24, up to one-third of mature T cells expressed two V alpha chains as part of two functional and independent T cell receptors (TCRs). Thus, the "one cell, one receptor" rule does not apply to a large subset of alpha beta T cells. Cells that belong to this dual TCR subset may be specific for a broader range of antigens than cells with a single receptor, which may be important for autoimmunity and alloreactivity.