Requirement of tyrosine phosphorylation for rapid activation of a DNA binding factor by IL-4

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Science  19 Nov 1993:
Vol. 262, Issue 5137, pp. 1265-1267
DOI: 10.1126/science.7694370


Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is an immunoregulatory cytokine produced by activated T lymphocytes to promote the growth and differentiation of cells that participate in immune defense. This study demonstrates the rapid activation of a specific DNA binding factor by IL-4. The IL-4 nuclear-activated factor (IL-4 NAF) appeared within minutes of IL-4 stimulation and recognized a specific DNA sequence found in the promoters of IL-4-responsive genes. Activation of this putative transcription factor required tyrosine phosphorylation, and antibodies specific for phosphotyrosine recognize the IL-4 NAF-DNA complex. Thus, IL-4 appears to transduce a signal to the nucleus through tyrosine phosphorylation of a latent DNA binding factor.