Nonlinear Optical Properties of Proteins Measured by Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering in Solution

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Science  26 Nov 1993:
Vol. 262, Issue 5138, pp. 1419-1422
DOI: 10.1126/science.262.5138.1419


Hyper-Rayleigh scattering has been used to determine the nonlinear optical properties of a chromophore-containing protein in solution. Because the technique of hyper-Rayleigh scattering allows the measurement of hyperpolarizabilities in an isotropic solution without the application of an electric field, this method is ideally suited for the study of proteins that carry a net charge. The observed orientational correlation between the nonlinear optical chromophores in incompletely solubilized protein molecules suggests that guidelines from protein structures can be used for the engineering of supramolecular structures with high optical nonlinearity.