Stereospecific acyl transfers on the erythromycin-producing polyketide synthase

Science  21 Jan 1994:
Vol. 263, Issue 5145, pp. 378-380
DOI: 10.1126/science.8278811


During assembly of complex polyketide antibiotics like erythromycin A, molecular recognition by the multienzyme polyketide synthase controls the stereochemical outcome as each successive methylmalonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) extender unit is added. Acylation of the purified erythromycin-producing polyketide synthase has shown that all six acyltransferase domains have identical stereospecificity for their normal substrate, (2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA. In contrast, the configuration of the methyl-branched centers in the product, that are derived from (2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA, is different. Stereoselection during the chain building process must, therefore, involve additional epimerization steps.

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