Stilbazolium-MPS3 Nanocomposites with Large Second-Order Optical Nonlinearity and Permanent Magnetization

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Science  04 Feb 1994:
Vol. 263, Issue 5147, pp. 658-660
DOI: 10.1126/science.263.5147.658


Intercalated layered materials comprising an organic dye and inorganic MPS3 [where M is either the manganese ion (Mn2+) or the cadmium ion (Cd2+)] phases have been prepared. The intercalation process induces a spontaneous poling, giving rise to an efficiency of 750 times that of urea in second-harmonic generation for the cadmium derivative. In addition, the manganese derivative displays a permanent magnetization below 40 kelvin. Thus, these materials exhibit both a large optical nonlinearity and magnetic ordering.