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Artificial-Life Researchers Try to Create Social Reality

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Science  12 Aug 1994:
Vol. 265, Issue 5174, pp. 868-869
DOI: 10.1126/science.265.5174.868

Abstract

Some scientists, among them cosmologist Stephen Hawking, argue that computer viruses are alive. A better case might be made for many of the self-replicating silicon-based creatures featured at the fourth Conference on Artificial Life, held on 5 to 8 July in Boston. Researchers from computer science, biology, and other disciplines presented computer programs that, among other things, evolved cooperative strategies in a selfish world and recreated themselves in ever more complex forms.

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