Parallel computing in biomedical research

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Science  12 Aug 1994:
Vol. 265, Issue 5174, pp. 902-908
DOI: 10.1126/science.8052847


Scalable parallel computer architectures provide the computational performance needed for advanced biomedical computing problems. The National Institutes of Health have developed a number of parallel algorithms and techniques useful in determining biological structure and function. These applications include processing electron micrographs to determine the three-dimensional structure of viruses, calculating the solvent-accessible surface area of proteins to help predict the three-dimensional conformation of these molecules from their primary structures, and searching for homologous DNA or amino acid sequences in large biological databases. Timing results demonstrate substantial performance improvements with parallel implementations compared with conventional sequential systems.