Use of Taylor-Aris Dispersion for Measurement of a Solute Diffusion Coefficient in Thin Capillaries

Science  04 Nov 1994:
Vol. 266, Issue 5186, pp. 773-776
DOI: 10.1126/science.266.5186.773


A method for the fast measurement of the diffusion coefficients of both small and large molecules in thin capillaries is reported. The method relies on Taylor-Aris dispersion theory and uses standard instrumentation for capillary zone electrophoresis. With this equipment, which consists of thin capillaries (50 to 100 micrometers in inner diameter), an injection system, detector ports, and computer data acquisition, a sample plug is pumped through the capillary at known velocity and the peak dispersion coefficient (D*) is measured. With the experimentally measured values of D* and flow velocity, and knowledge of the inner diameter of the capillary, the molecular diffusion coefficient (D) can be rapidly derived. For example, for ovalbumin a D value of 0.759 x 10-6 square centimeter per second is found versus a tabulated value of 0.776 x 10-6 square centimeter per second (error, 2 percent). For hemoglobin a D value of 0.676 x 10-6 square centimeter per second is obtained versus a literature value of 0.690 x 10-6 square centimeter per second (error, 1.5 percent).