High-Rate, Gas-Phase Growth of MoS2 Nested Inorganic Fullerenes and Nanotubes

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Science  13 Jan 1995:
Vol. 267, Issue 5195, pp. 222-225
DOI: 10.1126/science.267.5195.222


The gas-phase reaction between MoO3-x and H2S in a reducing atmosphere at elevated temperatures (800° to 950°C) has been used to synthesize large quantities of an almost pure nested inorganic fullerene (IF) phase of MoS2. A uniform IF phase with a relatively narrow size distribution was obtained. The synthesis of IFs appears to require, in addition to careful control over the growth conditions, a specific turbulent flow regime. The x-ray spectra of the different samples show that, as the average size of the IF decreases, the van der Waals gap along the c axis increases, largely because of the strain involved in folding of the lamella. Large quantities of quite uniform nanotubes were obtained under modified preparation conditions.