Reports

Molecular basis of the cauliflower phenotype in Arabidopsis

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Science  27 Jan 1995:
Vol. 267, Issue 5197, pp. 522-525
DOI: 10.1126/science.7824951

Abstract

Genetic studies demonstrate that two Arabidopsis genes, CAULIFLOWER and APETALA1, encode partially redundant activities involved in the formation of floral meristems, the first step in the development of flowers. Isolation of the CAULIFLOWER gene from Arabidopsis reveals that it is closely related in sequence to APETALA1. Like APETALA1, CAULIFLOWER is expressed in young flower primordia and encodes a MADS-domain, indicating that it may function as a transcription factor. Analysis of the cultivated garden variety of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) reveals that its CAULIFLOWER gene homolog is not functional, suggesting a molecular basis for one of the oldest recognized flower abnormalities.

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