Stress-induced Vortex Line Helixing Avalanches in the Plastic Flow of a Smectic A Liquid Crystal

Science  03 Feb 1995:
Vol. 267, Issue 5198, pp. 651-654
DOI: 10.1126/science.267.5198.651


Dynamic surface force measurements of the response of a smectic A to layer normal stress exhibited time dependence for topological events in which single smectic layers were added or removed. Single layer-sized jumps in sample thickness had a rapid component of duration of ∼1 second that produced most of the change in separation, but that was heralded by a slow precursor acceleration in separation, which began up to a few hundred seconds before. This avalanche-like dynamic signature is consistent with a relaxation mechanism based on the Glaberson-Clem-Bourdon instability of vortex lines (screw dislocations) in the smectic order parameter.