Resonant Tunneling in the Quantum Hall Regime: Measurement of Fractional Charge

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Science  17 Feb 1995:
Vol. 267, Issue 5200, pp. 1010-1012
DOI: 10.1126/science.267.5200.1010


In experiments on resonant tunneling through a "quantum antidot" (a potential hill) in the quantum Hall (QH) regime, periodic conductance peaks were observed as a function of both magnetic field and back gate voltage. A combination of the two periods constitutes a measurement of the charge of the tunneling particles and implies that charge deficiency on the antidot is quantized in units of the charge of quasi-particles of the surrounding QH condensate. The experimentally determined value of the electron charge e is 1.57 x 10–19 coulomb = (0.98 ± 0.03) e for the states v = 1 and v = 2 of the integer QH effect, and the quasi-particle charge is 5.20 x 10–20 coulomb = (0.325 ± 0.01)e for the state v = ⅓ of the fractional QH effect.