High-Temperature Molecular Magnets Based on Cyanovanadate Building Blocks: Spontaneous Magnetization at 230 K

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Science  21 Apr 1995:
Vol. 268, Issue 5209, pp. 397-400
DOI: 10.1126/science.268.5209.397


The molecular-based magnetic materials Cs2Mn||[V||(CN)6] (1) and (Et4N)0.5Mnl.25- [V(CN)5]·2H2O (2) (where Et is ethyl) were prepared by the addition of manganese(II) triflate to aqueous solutions of the hexacyanovanadate(II) ion at 0°C. Whereas 1 crystallizes in a face-centered cubic lattice, 2 crystallizes in a noncubic space group. The cesium salt (1) has features characteristic of a three-dimensional ferrimagnet with a Néel transition at 125 kelvin. The tetraethylammonium salt (2) also behaves as a three-dimensional ferrimagnet with a Néel temperature of 230 kelvin; only two other molecular magnets have higher magnetic ordering temperatures. Saturation magnetization measurements indicate that in both compounds the VII and high-spin MnII centers are antiferromagnetically coupled. Both 1 and 2 exhibit hysteresis loops characteristic of soft magnets below their magnetic phase-transition temperatures. The high magnetic ordering temperatures of these cyano-bridged solids confirm that the incorporation of early transition elements into the lattice promotes stronger magnetic coupling by enhancing the backbonding into the cyanide π* orbitals.