Corotating Variations of Cosmic Rays Near the South Heliospheric Pole

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  19 May 1995:
Vol. 268, Issue 5213, pp. 1024-1025
DOI: 10.1126/science.268.5213.1024


Three-dimensional simulations of the heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic ray protons show that corotating variations in the intensity can persist to quite high heliographic latitudes. Variations are seen at latitudes considerably higher than the maximum latitude extension of the heliographic current sheet, in regions where the solar wind velocity and magnetic field show no significant variation. Similar conclusions may apply also to lower energy particles, which may be accelerated at lower latitudes. Cosmic ray variations caused by corotating interaction regions present at low heliographic latitudes can propagate to significantly higher latitudes.