ROSAT Observations of X-ray Emissions from Jupiter During the Impact of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

Science  16 Jun 1995:
Vol. 268, Issue 5217, pp. 1598-1601
DOI: 10.1126/science.268.5217.1598


Röntgensatellit (ROSAT) observations made shortly before and during the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter show enhanced x-ray emissions from the planet's northern high latitudes. These emissions, which occur at System III longitudes where intensity enhancements have previously been observed in Jupiter's ultraviolet aurora, appear to be associated with the comet fragment impacts in Jupiter's southern hemisphere and may represent brightenings of the jovian x-ray aurora caused either by the fragment impacts themselves or by the passage of the fragments and associated dust clouds through Jupiter's inner magnetosphere.