Activation of yeast PBS2 MAPKK by MAPKKKs or by binding of an SH3-containing osmosensor

Science  28 Jul 1995:
Vol. 269, Issue 5223, pp. 554-558
DOI: 10.1126/science.7624781


The role of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades in integrating distinct upstream signals was studied in yeast. Mutants that were not able to activate PBS2 MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK; Pbs2p) at high osmolarity were characterized. Pbs2p was activated by two independent signals that emanated from distinct cell-surface osmosensors. Pbs2p was activated by MAP kinase kinase kinases (MAPKKKs) Ssk2p and Ssk22p that are under the control of the SLN1-SSK1 two-component osmosensor. Alternatively, Pbs2p was activated by a mechanism that involves the binding of its amino terminal proline-rich motif to the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of a putative transmembrane osmosensor Sho1p.

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