Late Glacial Climate Record of Midwestern United States from the Hydrogen Isotope Ratio of Lake Organic Matter

Science  15 Sep 1995:
Vol. 269, Issue 5230, pp. 1565-1567
DOI: 10.1126/science.269.5230.1565


A hydrogen isotope time series obtained from an analysis of organic matter extracted from a lake core in Kalamazoo, southwestern Michigan, reveals four distinct isotope stages within the last 12,000 years that can be interpreted in terms of oscillations between cold and warm, dry climates. The most dramatic are a cold phase between 12,000 and 9000 years before present (B.P.), a warm, dry period between 8500 and 2000 years B.P., a cold period between 2000 and 1000 years B.P., and a warming trend since 1000 years B.P. The warming trend of the last 1000 years is comparable in magnitude to the mid-Holocene warm phase.