Cross-Arc Geochemical Variations in the Kurile Arc as a Function of Slab Depth

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Science  27 Oct 1995:
Vol. 270, Issue 5236, pp. 625-627
DOI: 10.1126/science.270.5236.625


Lavas from transects across the Kurile Islands arc showed geochemical variations related to changes in the compositions of fluids derived from the subducting slab. Enrichment factors for boron, cesium, arsenic, and antimony, all elements with strong affinities for water, decreased across the arc. This decrease is presumably related to losses of water-rich fluids during the dehydration of the subducting plate. Enrichments of potassium, barium, beryllium-10, and the light rare earth elements remained constant; these species may move in silica-rich fluids liberated from the slab at greater depths.