Research NewsPaleoanthropology

Asian Anthropoids Strike Back

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Science  10 Nov 1995:
Vol. 270, Issue 5238, pp. 918
DOI: 10.1126/science.270.5238.918


A new fossil find from China, unveiled last week at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting, suggests that a tiny creature called Eosimias is the oldest known anthropoid, the group of higher primates that includes humans as well as monkeys and apes. The fossil, a complete jaw, has been dated to 40 million years ago. Some question whether Eosimias is a true anthropoid, but if the claim holds up, it would mean that the anthropoids' family tree took root in Asia, rather than Africa.