Logic Gates Made from Polymer Transistors and Their Use in Ring Oscillators

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Science  10 Nov 1995:
Vol. 270, Issue 5238, pp. 972-974
DOI: 10.1126/science.270.5238.972


Metal-insulator-semiconductor field-effect transistors have been fabricated from polymer semiconductors that can be processed from solution. The performance of these transistors is sufficient to allow the construction of simple logic gates that display voltage amplification. Successful coupling of these gates into ring oscillators demonstrates that these logic gates can switch subsequent gates and perform logic operations. The ability to perform logic operations is an essential requirement for the use of polymer-based transistors in low-cost low-end data storage applications.