Reports

Zinc-Induced Collapse of Augmented Inhibition by GABA in a Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Model

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Science  19 Jan 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5247, pp. 369-373
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5247.369

Abstract

In the kindling model of temporal lobe epilepsy, several physiological indicators of inhibition by γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the hippocampal dentate gyrus are consistent with an augmented, rather than a diminished, inhibition. In brain slices obtained from epileptic (kindled) rats, the excitatory drive onto inhibitory interneurons was increased and was paralleled by a reduction in the presynaptic autoinhibition of GABA release. This augmented inhibition was sensitive to zinc most likely after a molecular reorganization of GABAA receptor subunits. Consequently, during seizures, inhibition by GABA may be diminished by the zinc released from aberrantly sprouted mossy fiber terminals of granule cells, which are found in many experimental models of epilepsy and in human temporal lobe epilepsy.

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